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Utilities

Below are resources for Tribes about utilities.

The Economics of Electric System Municipalization
Looks at the economic environment in California to determine whether municipalization would be a beneficial option for many California cities. Source: Bay Area Economic Forum.

Establishing a Tribal Utility Authority Handbook
Provides an introduction to electric utility operation and general guidance for the steps required to form a tribal utility authority. Funded by an economic development grant awarded by the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development to the Ak-Chin Indian Community and its tribal utility authority, Ak-Chin Energy Services. Source: Leonard S. Gold, Utility Strategies Consulting Group, LLC.

Model Energy and Utility Service Code
A model tribal law for energy and utility services prepared for Kansas Tribes in a Word document that can be used by other Tribes. Source: Mni Sose Intertribal Water Rights Coalition.

Municipal Electric Utilities: Analysis and Case Studies
Gives an overview of municipal electric utilities, the pros and cons of pursuing municipalization, and four case studies to provide context. Source: Boulder Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Working Group.

Power Market Primers
Series of primers on Independent System Operators and Regional Transmission Organizations that explore the history, workings, and types of electricity markets comprising the seven regional transmission organizations in the United States. The primers are accompanied by a Glossary for Power Market Primers in which many of the technical terms used in these primers are defined. The zip file allows interested users the ability to review the entire Power Market report or download individual primers in this series. Source: National Energy Technology Laboratory.

Tribal Authority Process Case Studies: The Conversion of On-Reservation Electric Utilities to Tribal Ownership and Operation
Case studies of tribal utilities and an overview of the processes followed by the Tribes in developing their utility authorities. Includes the Aha Macav Power Service, Tohono O’Odham Utility Authority, Umpqua Indian Utility Cooperative, Ak-Chin Indian Community Electric Utility Authority, Gila River Indian Community Utility Authority, Yakama Power, and the Navajo Tribal Utility Authority. Source: Western Area Power Administration.

Tribal Energy Resource Agreements: DOI Application and Review Process Flow Chart
An overview of the steps involved in obtaining a tribal energy resource agreement (TERA), which allows Tribes to manage leases, business agreements, and rights-of-way for energy development on tribal lands without the prior approval of the Secretary of the Interior. Source: Argonne National Laboratory.

Tribal Energy Resource Agreements: DOI Final Rule 25 CFR Part 224 (Federal Register)
Detailed description of the rules and regulations governing the establishment of a TERA. Source: Argonne National Laboratory.

Tribal Legal Code: Umpqua Indian Utility Cooperative
Example tribal utility legal code. Also includes an example tribal energy development vision statement. Source: Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians.

Wind Energy Guide for County Commissioners
Comprehensive guidebook for wind project implementation aimed at a local audience, specifically county commissioners. Discusses the project development process, permitting, zoning, environmental benefits, and economics. U.S. Department of Energy.