The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Manual 435.1-1, Radioactive Waste Management Manual, which accompanies DOE Order 435.1, provides that the DOE may determine that certain waste from reprocessing spent nuclear fuel is waste incidental to reprocessing, is not high-level waste and may be managed and disposed of as low-level waste if the waste meets the criteria in DOE Manual 435.1-1, Chapter II, Section B. To determine that waste is incidental to reprocessing using the evaluation process from the Manual, and shall be managed as low level waste, DOE must demonstrate three technical criteria:
- key radionuclides have been removed to the maximum extent that is technically and economically practical;
- the waste will be managed to meet safety requirements comparable to the performance objectives set out in 10 CFR Part 61, Subpart C, Performance Objectives; and,
- the waste will be managed, pursuant to DOE’s authority under the Atomic Agency Act of 1954, as amended, and in accordance with the provisions of Chapter IV of the Manual, provided the waste will be incorporated in a solid physical form at a concentration that does not exceed the applicable concentration limits for Class C low-level waste as set out in 10 CFR 61.55, Waste Classification.
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